Types of Quiz Questions


  • Calculated – Students enter values calculated using the given values. Values are randomly selected from a set of possible values so it is unlikely that two students would get exactly the same question.
  • Calculated simple A simpler version of calculated questions which are like numerical questions but with the numbers used selected randomly from a set when the quiz is taken.
  • Calculated multichoice - Calculated multiple choice questions are like multiple choice questions with the additional property that the elements to select can include formula results from numeric values that are selected randomly from a set when the quiz is taken.

  • Description – Not a real question type. It is just used to add some descriptive text within a quiz, perhaps explaining the topic that the next questions come from or giving key formulae that will be used in the quiz.
  • Drag and Drop - There are 3 Drag and Drop question types: 
    • Drag and Drop onto image - Students drag words, images or both from a list and drop them into pre-defined gaps on a base image.
    • Drag and Drop into text -  Missing words have to be dragged into gaps in a paragraph of text.
    • Drag and Drop markers - Students drop markers onto an area on a background image. 
  • Embedded Answers (Cloze) – Allows the use of multiple different question types within a single question.
  • Essay – Student enters a large amount of text as an essay. This must be marked manually.
  • Essay autograde - This question type allows an essay question response to be given a preliminary grade that is generated automatically based on the characteristics of the response.
  • Matching – Student select correct answers for a series of questions from dropdown lists.
  • Multiple Choice – Student chooses one or more answer from a selection.
  • Numerical – Student enters a number to answer – there can be a range of acceptable error.
  • Random Short Answer Matching - Similar to Matching where questions are drawn randomly from Short Answer questions in the current category 
  • Short Answer – Student types a word or phrase to answer.
  • Select Missing Word Question - One or more missing words in the Question text can be selected from a list of possible options.
  • True/False – Student selects from True or False.

Calculated

The calculated question is used to create multiple versions of a question with different numerical values. At least one wildcard must be included in one of the answers. The Calculated question type works by containing a formula that is used to check students’ responses. The students are presented with values selected randomly from a set and the answer is based on applying the formula to the given values. This has the advantage that students are unlikely to be able to simply copy each other’s answers as the input values will be different. 

The formulae used in Calculated questions can make use of the basic arithmetical operations and there are 3 dozen built-in functions that you can also use. Calculated questions are also good places to make use of the TeX display functionality and the Wiris formula editor. A useful feature is that there can be multiple possible answers, each with its o. There is a limitation in the current version of Moodle that could be significant – it isn’t possible to create a quiz that uses a set of Calculated questions where the random dataset is used throughout the entire quiz, so each question selects its own variable values. This makes it impossible to create multi-part questions based on the same variables whilst still using randomisation.

This is one of the more complex question types to set up and there are three screen of options (though much of the first screen is taken up by the common fields). It is important when adding the question text to state the values the students should use to make their calculations. To do this you should enter the name of the variable and the name of the same variable in the answer formula, for example if we are using velocity as a variable and it has the name ‘v’ in the formula then we would write ‘Velocity = {v}’ in the question text.

The students will see the following field when asked to answer a calculated question.

example calcualted questions

For more information please see the MoodleDocs Guidance on the Calculated question type.

Calculated Simple 

A simpler version of calculated questions which are like numerical questions but with a simpler interface with fewer options when setting up the question. The numbers used are selected randomly from a set when the quiz is taken.

For more information please see the MoodleDocs Guidance on the Calculated Simple question type.

Calculated Multichoice 

Calculated multiple choice questions are like multiple choice questions with the additional property that the elements to select can include formula results from numeric values that are selected randomly from a set when the quiz is taken.

For more information please see the MoodleDocs Guidance on the Calculated Multichoice question type.

Description

Description only uses the common fields. It doesn’t require the students to answer anything and is used to provide additional explanation or information.

The students will see the following field when using description.

Description

For more information please see the MoodleDocs Guidance on the Description question type.

Embedded Answers (Cloze)

This question type allows a group of related questions to be presented together as a single item. The questions do not have to be of the same type and each can have a different weighting.

Embedded Answer questions are created using special codes that specify the question type, the correct answer, the feedback for each response and the weighting. This can become quite complicated, but it does give a large amount of flexibility. The codes are described in the page linked at the bottom of this section. This question type consists solely of the common fields. The difference is that you enter the coded text in the Question Text box and click ‘Decode and Verify the Question Text’ which converts the code into the relevant fields.

Depending on the codes used, the students will see one or all of the following fields when asked to answer an Embedded answer question.

Embedded answers

For more information please see the MoodleDocs Guidance on the Cloze question type.

Essay

The Essay question type requires the student to enter a significant amount of text as their answer. This question type only uses the common fields.

Remember: when using Essay questions, that they require manual marking.

The students will see the following field when asked to answer an essay question.

Essay questions

For more information please see the MoodleDocs Guidance on the Essay question type.


Matching

Matching questions consist of a set of sub-questions/statements and students select the correct response from a dropdown list. The order of the sub-questions can be set to be randomised so as to make the question slightly more dynamic.

When creating the question you are given the usual options as well as a few additional boxes and a button:

Shuffle: Ticking this box means that the order of questions will be randomised. This can be overridden when adding the question to a quiz.

Question: This is the text of one of the sub-questions.

Answer: This is the correct answer for the associated sub-question.

Blanks for 3 more choices button: Clicking this button create three additional question-answer pairs.

When setting up the question you can add extra wrong answers by filling in an Answer box without entering a corresponding Question.

The students will see the following fields when asked to answer a matching question.

Choose

For more information please see the MoodleDocs Guidance on the matching question type.

Multiple Choice

The Multiple Choice question type allows students to select the correct answer from a list of possibilities. Multiple Choice questions can be set up to allow only a single correct value, or to have multiple correct values. They are particularly useful for student self-assessment quizzes.

The Multiple Choice question type uses the common fields, with a few additional items, and has space to enter each of the possible answers and general feedback based on the overall result:

General

    • One or multiple answers: Select whether the question contains only a single correct response or whether it is made of multiple responses which are either correct or partially correct.
    • Shuffle the choices: Randomises the order of choices to make it slightly more difficult for students to copy answers.
    • Number the choices: Select the numbering scheme used for the responses, or switch off numbering.

Choice

    • Answer: The text of the answer.
    • Grade: Grade given when selecting this answer. For partial answers you should make sure that only by selecting all of the correct answers will a student be given 100%. Important: You should make sure that incorrect answers contain negative grades, otherwise students can get full makes by selecting all responses.
    • Feedback: Specific feedback displayed when a students selects this response.

Overall Feedback

    • For any correct response: Feedback displayed when the student gets a 100% grade.
    • For any partially correct response: Feedback displayed when the student gets between 0% and 100%.
    • For any incorrect response: Feedback displayed when the students get a 0% grade.

The students will see the following fields when asked to answer an MCQ question.

Subvertising

For more information please see the MoodleDocs Guidance on the Multiple Choice question type.

Numerical

The Numerical question type requires students to enter numerical answers to the question. It has several advantages over using the similar Short Answer question type: it is possible to set acceptable error ranges; provide partially correct responses with partial scoring and different feedback; and accept multiple different units with specified conversion factors.

In addition to the common fields there are essentially six extra fields, though these are grouped into two related ‘sets’: Answer and Unit.

Answer

Answer: The correct answer.

Grade: Grade received for entering this answer.

Accepted error: Value specifying how far to either side a student response will be considered to fit within this answer range.

Feedback: Feedback given to students when their answer is within the range specified for this answer.

Unit

Unit: Text representation of the unit, e.g. mm, cm, m. Students entering one of these after their answer will have their number multiplied by the number in the next field. For example, if the base unit is ‘mm’ and a student enters ‘1 m’ then the answer will by multiplied by 1000 and then checked against the correct value range.

Multiplier: Number specifying how to multiply the base unit, e.g. 1.0.

The students will see the following fields when asked to answer an numerical question.

Answer

For more information please see the MoodleDocs Guidance on the Numerical question type.

Random Short Answer Matching Type 

The Random Short Answer Matching question is similar to the matching question. The difference is that the sub-questions are drawn randomly from the Short Answer questions in the current category (which can also include subcategories from the current category).

For more information, please see the MoodleDocs Guidance on the Random Short Answer Matching question type.

Short Answer

The Short Answer question type requires students to type their answer into a box. This answer is then matched against possible answers supplied by the tutor. The tutor can add several possible values with different grades and feedback, but any answer given by a student that doesn’t match any of the possible answers receives a 0 grade automatically.

The Short Answer question uses the common questions in the general section, with one addition:

Case sensitivity: This determines whether the student must enter the answer in exactly the same case as the tutor entered to match that answer.

Answer

Answer: The text that will be used to match with students answers.

Grade: Grade given to responses matching this answer.

Feedback: Feedback shown when this answer is given by the student.

The students will see the following fields when asked to answer an short answer question.

Answer

For more information please see the MoodleDocs Guidance on the Short Answer question type.

True/False

This is a simple question type that is used to provide a statement with the students selecting whether it is true or false. As well as the common options there are three extra fields:

  • Correct Answer: Select the answer that is correct.
  • Feedback for the response ‘True’: Feedback presented to the student when they select True.
  • Feedback for the response ‘False’: Feedback presented to the student when they select False.

The students will see the following fields when asked to answer a true/false question.

For more information please see the MoodleDocs Guidance on the True/False question type.