Educational Technologies


What is Moodle?

Moodle is the online Virtual Learning Environment used at City University.

It enables staff to provide students with access to online course materials, resources, interactive activities, assessment and communication tools.

  Adobe Connect

What is Adobe Connect?

Adobe Connect is an online collaboration tool where users interact with audio, video and chat, and can share files and screen activities.

  City Blogs

What are City Blogs?

City Blogs is the blogging system for staff and students and is accessed via


What are Clickers/Electronic Voting Handsets?

Clickers provide a fun way to encourage active participation from your audience, gather feedback and easily gauge group-wide understanding.

Participants respond to questions posed during a PowerPoint presentation by pressing a button on their clicker. Responses are instantly displayed within the PowerPoint presentation.

  iTunes U

What is iTunes U?

iTunes U is City University London's public resource for Videos.

  Lecture Capture

What is Lecture Capture?

Lecture capture allows you to record teaching sessions and publish the recordings via Moodle. Lecture capture typically records the computer screen and your voice, with an optional small video recording of the front of the room.

  Podium Technology (Pods)

What is Podium Technology (Pods)?

The Podiums are the technology supplied at the front of lecture and seminar rooms.

The AV podium, or 'pod', is a purpose-built unit that houses various lecture room technology including a Windows PC, Sympodium (PC screen/interactive pen display), visualiser, cables for laptop connection, DVD/VHS player and audio cassette deck.


What is Turnitin?

Turnitin is most commonly used to assist in the detection of academic misconduct (such as plagiarism or collusion) in an assignment after it's been submitted. Turnitin can also be used formatively to help students learn about the importance of good academic practices and good referencing.

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Forums enable staff and students to communicate in a public module forum asynchronously (that is, posting messages at different times). Your Module Leader will determine how Forums are used. This could be for general questions, an online seminar, group work, or socialising. A Forum can be limited to a group or open to all students enrolled on the module.

Remember - all messages you post to the Forums on a module are available to all staff and students enrolled on that module. It is therefore important to have good Netiquette and behave appropriately online.

There are usually two types of forum on a module. The News/Announcements Forum which typically appears at the top of the module and comes under the heading General forums and the Standard Forum which appears in sections in your module and comes under the heading Learning forums.

News/Announcement Forum

Most modules will usually have a News or Announcements Forum. This forum is available for staff to post important messages about the module. Students enrolled on the module are automatically subscribed to this forum and will receive these posts in their City inbox. Students cannot respond to posts made in a News/Announcements Forum.

Standard Forum

The standard forum is most useful for large discussions that the Lecturer intends to moderate or for social forums that are student-led, such as student cafes. In this type of forum, both Lecturers and students  can start as many new topics (discussion threads) as required.

 Other forum types

A single simple discussion

The simple forum is most useful for short/time-limited discussion on a single subject or topic. As its name suggests, there is one discussion topic, set by the Lecturer, and anyone can reply to it.

Each person posts one discussion

A single discussion topic per person allows students a little more freedom than a single discussion forum, but not as much as a standard forum where each student can create as many topics as he or she wishes. Although they can only start one discussion topic, they can reply to as many posts as they like.

Question and Answer forum

The Q&A forum is used when the Lecturer has a particular question that they want students to respond to.  In a Q & A forum, the Lecturer post the question and students respond with possible answers. By default a Q&A forum requires students to post once before viewing other students' postings. After the initial posting, students can view and respond to others' postings.

Standard Forum in blog format

Standard forum displayed in a blog-like format - An open forum where anyone can start a new discussion at any time, and in which discussion topics are displayed on one page with "Discuss this topic"

Forum Communication and Subscription Settings

Forums provide an area where students and teachers can communicate by posting comments. Subscription to a Forum means that you will receive any posts made to a Moodle forum as an email, to your City University email inbox, as well as being able to view it on your Moodle module.This is useful for keeping up to date with posts made within modules. Staff may subscribe you to forums in order to send out important messages about your course or to include you in module activities. To help manage your forum posts there are a few settings within the edit profile that you can change.

  • Email Digest Type: If set to No digest you will receive an email to your City University inbox each time a post is sent from the forums you are subscribed to. Select the Complete or Daily option if you would prefer these posts to be collated into one email that is received at the end of each day.
  • Forum auto-subscribe: If you do not want to be automatically subscribed to a forum after you have posted to one then select No.
  • : We recommend setting your forum tracking to 'Yes: Highlight new posts for me". This will mean that it is clearer when you access your module that you have new forum posts.

Once you have made changes to your profile, scroll down the page and click Update profile to save.

Forum Subscription and Read Tracking 

Read tracking highlights new posts making it easy for you to manage unread messages from your module homepage.

You can manage your Forum subscriptions and Read tracking by clicking on Forums from the Dashboard on the module homepage.

From the Forums overview page you choose which Forums to subscribe to in the Subscribed column. You can also select different Email digest types for each individual forum.

Please note; that if the Module Leader has forced subscription you will not be able to change this preferences

Subscribe to a particular Post

If your Lecturer has enabled optional subscription (where you can choose to subscribe to Forum messages you can choose to subscribe to a particular discussion topic rather that the entire Forum.

  • Click on the link to the Forum from your module page
  • To subscribe to a particular topic click on the circle to the far right of the post. This will send you emails when there are replied to a particular topic on the Forum. This is a useful feature for keeping up-to-date with discussions that are relevant and of interest to you.
  • If you are subscribed to a particular topic you will see an envelope icon  to far right of the Forum post. To unsubscribe click on the envelope icon.

Participating in a Forum

  1. To open a Forum to post a message or to read messages already posted click on the title of the Forum from the module homepage.
    • You will also be able to access all Forums if the Activities block is available in your module by clicking on the link to Forums. You can then select the relevant Forum.
    • Forums can also be accessed using the module dashboard
  2. Click on the link to the Discussion name to read the discussion click on reply to post your reply to the topic.

The Display replies drop-down menu enables you to decide how you manage the replies to a topic. Select the option that you find helps you best manage replies. The option displaying in the image below is Display replies in nested form. This option indents replies making it easy to follow the progression of a discussion.

  1. Click Add a new discussion topic to post a new message.
  2. Add a Subject
  3. In the Message input box write your message. The Message box is an HTML editor which enables you to format your text and to add in links. The image below describes the main features of the HTML editor. Please note, if you take longer than 1 hour writing your post, Moodle will time you out and you will lose everything that you have already written.
  4. Remember to spell check before you post.
  5. Click Post to forum.
  6. You can click the Mail now option (which sends the email immediately). If not, Moodle waits 30 minutes before sending your message, so you can make changes.

You will get 30 minutes to edit your post. After 30 minutes has elapsed you will not be able to edit your post and if subscription has been enabled your post will be emailed to those enrolled on the module.

Rating a Forum post

Your Lecturer may set up a rating scale or a single option scale to enable you to identify messages that you 'like' or find useful.

  1. Click on the link to the Forum from your module page.
  2. Read through the posts and replies. If rating is available on Forum posts you will see a Rate menu on the bottom of the post. Select your rating from the Rate drop-down menu.


Additional Resources:

Forwarding your City University email to a personal email address

Forum Netiquette

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